China and India are emerging as major maritime powers of the Indo-Pacific as part of long-term shifts in the regional balance of power. As their wealth, interests, and power expand, China and India will increasingly come into contact in the shared maritime security space of the Indo-Pacific. How India and China get along in that new context – cooperation, coexistence, competition, or confrontation – will be one of the key strategic challenges for the region of the twenty-first century. This book brings together top strategic analysts from India, China, the United States and Australia to better understand Indian and Chinese perspectives about their respective roles and relationship in the maritime domain and their evolving naval strategies towards each other. The strategic blind spots India and China have towards each other may be leading to ever greater competition in the maritime domain.